In a basic aircraft, you must rely on manual calculations to perform the descent planning task. ... rate and groundspeed, and multiplying the descent ratio by the number of thousands of feet in altitude that you must descend. ... for the ECA VOR crossing restriction example, 8 minutes is needed to descend 8, 000 feet at the planned descent rate of 1, 000 fpm. ... Regardless of which method is used, it is always a good idea to locate the top-of-descent point chosen on the aeronautical chart.

Title | : | Advanced Avionics Handbook, 2009 |

Author | : | |

Publisher | : | Government Printing Office - |

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