This book advances a new distributional framework to guide the evaluation and design of environmental policies. Drawing on capabilities theory, especially as articulated in Martha Nussbaums capabilities approach to justice, the book proposes that environmental policies should aim to secure the basic capabilities that make it possible for people to live a flourishing and dignified human life. Holland begins by establishing protection of the natural environment ascentral to securing these capabilities and then considers the implications for debates in environmental valuation, policy justification, and administrative rulemaking. In each of these areas, she demonstrates how a capabilities approach to social and environmental justice can minimize substantive andprocedural inequities that result from how we evaluate and design environmental policies in contemporary society.Hollands proposals include valuing environmental goods and services as comparable - but not commensurable - across the same dimension of well-being of different people, justifying environmental policies with respect to both the capability thresholds they secure and the capability ceilings they establish, and subjecting the outcomes of participatory decisions in the administrative rulemaking process to stronger substantive standards. In developing and applying this unique approach to justice, Holland primarily focuses on questions of domestic environmental policy. In the closing chapter she turns to theoretical debates about international climate policy and sketches how her approach to justice could inform both the philosophical grounding and practical application of efforts to achieveglobal climate justice. Engaging current debates in environmental policy and political theory, the book is a sustained exercise of both applied and environmental political theory.In the United States, the Clean Air Act (CAA) regulates ambient air pollution by establishing anational ambient air quality standardsa for six acriteria pollutants.a67 Two of these pollutantsafine particulate matter and ground-level ozoneaare nonetheless present in the air at levels ... But the benefits of a policy controlling fine particulate that flow to this group of asthmatic children do not simply involve ananbsp;...
|Title||:||Allocating the Earth: A Distributional Framework for Protecting Capabilities in Environmental Law and Policy|
|Publisher||:||OUP Oxford - 2014-09-04|