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Arboriculture -- the emphasis on keeping trees alive and healthy -- has emerged only recently as a profession; however, the practices in use today are the culmination of decades of development. The first book of its kind, Aboriculture: History and Development in North America chronicles a century of this qlove of treesq view as it has developed into a viable profession. Beginning with a discussion of the origins of planting, transplanting, and pruning, Richard Campana provides a breadth and depth of understanding of how arboriculture has become an important force in modern ecology. Specific topics discussed include: the introduction of woody plants to North America; botanical gardens and arboreta; gypsy moths; Dutch elm disease; the Davey, Bartlett, and Asplundh tree experts; herbicides, insecticides and fungicides; pruning; fertilization; wound treatment; and cabling, bracing, and lightning protection. This unique history will be of interest to arborists, city foresters, landscape architects, nursery companies, contractors, park and city managers, superintendents of institutional grounds, educators, students, workers in land management, government and public utilities -- and anyone involved in the preservation of trees.Until the advent of the chain saw, the band saw was the most widely used of the power saws. ... For the ar- borist in the early 1900s, however, the manual saws were the most important. ... It was clamped to the log, and was powered by a gasoline engine, which rotated an arm that dragged a long blade back and forth. ... Meanwhile, in Europe the German companies of Stihl and Dolmar were manufacturing a saw chain that served the European market By 1939, at the onset of the war, anbsp;...

Author:Richard J. Campana
Publisher:Michigan State Univ Pr - 1999-07


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