This research assessed membrane integrity monitoring methods for microfiltration (MF) and ultrafiltration (UF) membrane filtration processes. The project evaluated existing and newly developed methods for integrity monitoring using literature review and full-scale testing of the essential criteria of sensitivity, continuity, identifiably, reliability, and implementability. Recommendations are included. While this research was motivated by the USEPA's LT2ESWTR, the coverage and results have international applicability.EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The overall objective of the research was to assess and advance membrane integrity monitoring methods for microfiltration (MF) and ultrafiltration (UF) membrane filtration processes. Over the past decade, ... It establishes three criteria that a membrane system must meet to receive removal credit for Cryptosporidium under the LT2ESWTR. One of these criteria requires that theanbsp;...
|Title||:||Assessment and Development of Low-pressure Membrane Integrity Monitoring Tools|
|Author||:||Sandeep Sethi, Gil Crozes, Dan Hugaboom|
|Publisher||:||American Water Works Association - 2004|