2.1 E-Government: e-Governance and e-Democracy The term Electronic Government (e-Government), as an expression, was coined after the example of Electronic Commerce. In spite of being a relatively recent expression, e-Government designates a field of activity that has been with us for several decades and which has attained a high level of penetration in many countries2. What has been observed over the recent years is a shift on the broadness of the e-Government concept. The ideas inside e-Governance and e- Democracy are to some extent promising big changes in public administration. The demand now is not only simply delivering a service - line. It is to deliver complex and new services, which are all citizen-centric. Another important demand is related to the improvement of citizen's participation in governmental processes and decisions so that the governments' transparency and legitimacy are enforced. In order to fulfill these new demands, a lot of research has been done over the recent years (see Section 3) but many challenges are still to be faced, not only in the technological field, but also in the political and social aspects.... and EU countries 1990-1998, Economics Discussion Papers, 508, University of Essex, Department of Economics. ... Sannes, R., 2001, Self-Service Banking, Value Creation Models and Information Exchange, Informing Science, 4(4): 139- 148. ... http://www.corporate.visa.com/md/dl/documents/downloads/u whitepaper. pdf Shamos, M. I., 2002, Electronic Payment ... Singh, S., 2004, Impersonalisation of electronic money: implications for bank marketing, The International Journal of anbsp;...
|Title||:||Challenges of Expanding Internet: E-Commerce, E-Business, and E-Government|
|Author||:||Matohisa Funabashi, Adam Grzech|
|Publisher||:||Springer - 2006-06-08|