qAt the close of the 19th century, more than 2 million American children under age 16--some as young as 4 or 5--were employed on farms, in mills, canneries, factories, mines and offices, or selling newspapers and fruits and vegetables on the streets. The crusaders of the Progressive Era believed child labor was an evil that maimed the children, exploited the poor and suppressed adult wages. The child should be in school till age 16, they demanded, in order to become a good citizen. The battle for and against child labor was fought in the press as well as state and federal legislatures. Several federal efforts to ban child labor were struck down by the Supreme Court and an attempt to amend the Constitution to ban child labor failed to gain enough support. It took the Great Depression and New Deal legislation to pass the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 (and receive the support of the Supreme Court). This history of American child labor details the extent to which children worked in various industries, the debate over health and social effects, and the long battle with agricultural and industrial interests to curtail the practiceq--Provided by publisher.In delicate health, Elias was not suited to farm work and at age sixteen set out for the magical industrial city of Lowell, where he ... Between 1850 and 1900, over two hundred and fifty sewing machine companies sprang up across America.
|Title||:||Child Labor in America|
|Author||:||Chaim M. Rosenberg|
|Publisher||:||McFarland - 2013-07-19|