Confronting Historical Paradigms

Confronting Historical Paradigms

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Confronting Historical Paradigms argues that confrontation with major paradigms of world history has marked the fields of African and Latin American history during the last quarter-century, and that the process has dramatically restructured historical and theoretical understanding of peasantries, labor, and the capitalist world system. Moreover, it maintains, the intellectual reverberations within and across the African and Latin American fields constitute a challenging and underappreciated counterpoint to laments that contemporary historical knowledge has suffered a splintering so extreme that it undermines larger dialogue and meaning. The authors, in their substantive essays, synthesize, order, and evaluate the significance of the enormous resonating literatures that have come to exist for Africa and Latin America on the themes of the capitalist world system, labor, and peasantries. They historicize these literatures by analyzing an entire cycle of critical dialogue and confrontation with historical paradigms and the professional upheavals that accompanied them. They review the initial confrontations with frameworks of historical knowledge that erupted in the 1960s and the early 1970s; the emergence of new a€œdissidenta€ paradigms; the outpouring of subsequent scholarship on peasants, labor, and capitalism that began to unravel the newly proposed paradigms by the 1980s and 1990s; and the outlines of the new interpretive frameworks that tended to displace both the a€œtraditionala€ and a€œearly dissidenta€ paradigms. They also suggest possible outlines of a new cycle of a€œThird Worlda€ confrontations with paradigm, anchored in themes such as gender and ethnicity. Confronting Historical Paradigms employs a historicized awareness of intellectual networks, conversations, and historya€“theory dialogues. The result is a critical analysis and synthetic presentation of substantive advances that have preoccupied scholarship on Africa and Latin America in recent decades and a powerful challenge to notions that a€œnewa€ fields of history have ended up destroying intellectual coherence and community.Press. Achebe, Chinua. 1959. Things Fall Apart. Greenwich, Conn.: Fawcctt Crest . ... Boston: Little, Brown. Adas, M. 1980. aquot; a#39;Moral Economya#39; or a#39;Contest Stateaquot;? Elite Demands and the Origins of Peasant Protest in Southeast Asia.aquot; Journal ofanbsp;...

Title:Confronting Historical Paradigms
Author:Frederick Cooper
Publisher:Univ of Wisconsin Press - 1993


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