Millions of people worldwide suffer from mental health disorders. In fact, five of the leading causes of disability in the world today are psychiatric in nature. Psychiatric-mental health nursing is a specialized area that employs a wide range of explanatory theories and research on human behavior as its science and the purposeful use of self as its art. Understanding people who are searching for meaning through interaction in complex times demands the most authoritative and contemporary knowledge and clinical competence. It is through the power of knowledge and clinical competence that psychiatric-mental health nurses can help clients from diverse cultures to live with uncertainty, unfamiliarity and unpredictability and to pursue creative healing on psychobiologic and spiritual levels. Our goal for this textbook, Contemporary Psychiatric-Mental Health Nursing, and its companion supplements is to provide students and practicing psychiatric-mental health nurses with the most up-to-date, evidence-based, culturally competent, authoritative, comprehensive resource available and to present it in an accessible, clinically relevant, and professional format. UNDERLYING THEMES Throughout this textbook, we as authors try to remain true to values of humanism, interactionism, cultural competence, the relevance of meaning, and the importance of empathy and empowerment in the nurse-client relationship. We believe that psychiatric-mental health nursing is concerned with the quality of human life and its relationship to optimal psychobiologic health, feelings of self-worth, personal integrity, self-fulfillment, spirituality, and creative expression. The psychiatric-mental health nurse's scope of practice is broad enough to include issues such as alienation, identity crises, sudden life changes, and troubled family relationships. It may involve issues of poverty and affluence, cross-cultural disparities in access to health care, and the human experiences of birth, death, and loss. Psychiatric-mental health nursing is concerned with sustaining and enhancing the mental health of both the individual and the group, while its practice locale is often found in the community. In exploring the theme of global mental health, each unit of this book opens with compelling photographs and stories of individuals from around the world who face a variety of mental health issues. By presenting the readers with this global perspective, we hope to promote awareness of the relevance of those same global issues in our own culturally diverse society. Along these lines, we selected a Mandela to represent the essence of this book.Mandelais the Sanskrit word for circle and symbolizes wholeness or organization around a unifying center. The goal of this book is to explore science, art, and spirituality as a path toward our shared vision of global mental health. It is synthesis of elements important to a holistic view. The Mandela used throughout this book and on its cover is entitled The Great Mother, created by Cynthia Cunningham Baxter. It consists of hands and a mother tree, which is consistent with nursing's goals of care, compassion, and comfort. CONTEMPORARY TRENDS The themes, ideas, knowledge, tools, and organization of this textbook were expressly designed for psychiatric-mental health nursing students and clinicians who are committed to developing the habits of mind, responsibility, and practice that will make a difference in view of contemporary trends. Specifically, this text prepares students to tailor and humanize interventions for traditional as well as qnewq psychiatricmental health clients often encountered in forensic settings, homeless shelters, and in other community-based and rehabilitation-oriented settings. Furthermore, because advances in neuroscience and the study of the human genome are redefining our conception of the basis for mental disorders, a solid grounding in psychobiology is threaded throughout the book. Brain imaging assessment and concise yet comprehensive information on the expanding array of psychopharmacologic treatment is yet another strong emphasis. We recognize that psychiatric-mental health clients are racially and culturally diverse and include growing numbers of mentally ill elders, children, adolescents, and people with coexisting substance use disorders or comorbidities with other chronic illnesses such as HIV/AIDS. Therefore, we devote separate chapters to each of the above topics. We feel confident in entitling this bookContemporary Psychiatric-Mental Health Nursingbecause of its explicit links to contemporary trends in our field. ORGANIZATION The detailed table of contents at the beginning of the book makes its clear organization easy to follow. The book is divided into five parts. Unit I clusters six chapters that provide comprehensive coverage of the theoretic basis for psychiatric-mental health nursing. In Unit II, we address topics traditionally associated with psychiatric-mental health nursing, such as using the nursing process, therapeutic communication, assessment, advocacy and client rights, and creating a therapeutic environment. Unit III focuses on caring for clients with specific DSMIV-TR mental disorders. First, we outline the defining characteristics of each disorder, then we cover the biopsychosocial theories necessary to understand them, and finally we apply the nursing process to caring for clients with these disorders. Unit IV shifts the focus to vulnerable populations that require comfort and care from `psychiatric-mental health nurses. These populations include people at risk for self-destructive behavior, abuse, or violence; psychiatric-mental health clients with HIV/AIDS; and specific age groups. Unit V of the book provides authoritative coverage of nursing intervention strategies and desired outcomes, including a wide range of modalities, from individual, group, and family interventions to psychopharmacology and complementary and alternative healing practices. Throughout the book, experts contributed their knowledge and skills on all the topics covered. FEATURES The following noteworthy features weave together the threads of research, theory, and practice into a comprehensive and contemporary fabric of knowledge and competencies essential to psychiatric-mental health nursing. The content and processes are clearly applicable to the care of identified psychiatric-mental health clients, yet they are also relevant when integrated into the care of all those with whom we interact as professional nurses. Using Research Evidence.In addition to a full chapter devoted to evidence-based psychiatric-mental health nursing practice (Chapter 3), each chapter includes a clinical vignette illustrating how research evidence shapes the plan of care for a particular client. Case-Based Critical Thinking Challenges.Because critical thinking skills are essential to evidence-based practice, a Critical Thinking Challenge begins each chapter, challenging readers to analyze a case scenario that is related to the chapter topic. The discussion points for the critical thinking challenge appear in the Instructor's Resource Manual accompanying this text. Caring for the Spirit.These boxes reinforce the belief in the interconnection of mind, body, and spirit. They appear throughout the book and are designed to promote the understanding of the client's essence, meaning, and purpose in life, as well as the nurse's role in supporting spirituality. Culture and Family Awarenessicons throughout the book call the reader's attention to content that bears on the importance of developing cultural competence and the value of including the family as partners in psychiatric-mental health care. Medicationicons throughout identify sections of the text that discuss psychopharmacology. Case Studies and Nursing Care Plansare found in each of the clinical chapters. These plans use NANDA, NOC, and NIC nomenclature and illustrate linkages among them when caring for clients diagnosed with specific mental disorders according to the DSM-IV-TR. Assessment Guidelines, Intervention Guidelines, Client-Family Teachingboxes all present clinically relevant strategies in a succinct, user-friendly format. Assessment Guidelines contain lists of assessment points. Intervention Guidelines list specific nursing intervention strategies along with their rationales. Client-Family Teaching boxes provide specific client-oriented information that contains sample language a nurse can use when working with clients. Nursing Self-Awareness.Appearing throughout the book, these boxes engage the reader in a process of introspection and self-questioning that is essential to the therapeutic use of self. Rx Communication.Each of the clinical chapters focuses on clients within a particular psychiatric diagnostic category and includes a specially designed box to offer sample dialogues of what a nurse can say in response to clients. In addition, we provide the rationale for at least two different but helpful alternatives. This feature is designed to provide students with a beginning repertoire of communication interventions useful when interacting with psychiatricmental health clients. Case Management, Community-Based Care, and Home Care.Each of the psychiatric disorders chapters and vulnerable populations chapters includes specific information that reflects the fact that the setting for much of psychiatric nursing practice today is found in the community rather than in the hospital. MediaLink and EXPLORE MediaLink.At the beginning of each chapter, a MediaLink box lists specific content, animations and videos, NCLEX review questions, tools, and other interactive exercises that appear on the accompanying Student CD-ROM and the Companion Website. Special MediaLink tabs appear in the margins throughout the chapter that refer the student to the topics and activities on the media supplements. Finally, at the end of each chapter, EXPLORE MediaLink sections encourage students to use the CD-ROM and the Companion Website to apply what they have learned from the text in case studies and care plans, to practice NCLEX questions, and to use additional resources. The purpose of the MediaLink feature is to further enhance the student experience, build upon knowledge gained from the textbook, prepare students for the NCLEX, and foster critical thinking. Focus Questionsprovide the reader with guidance for actively reading the chapter and getting the most out of it. Key Termsalert the reader to the vocabulary used in the chapter and are available in the Audio Glossary found on the Student CD-ROM or the Companion Website. Cross-Referencespinpoint specific content linked to supporting chapters when more depth is required. An icon refers the reader to content in other sections of the book. References.Each chapter includes a bibliography of the most up-to-date resources on the topic. WebLinks throughout guide the reader to online information which can be accessed via the Companion Website atwww.prenhall.com/kneisl. COMPREHENSIVE TEACHING AND LEARNING PACKAGE The following supplements were developed to supportContemporary Psychiatric-Mental Health Nursingand enhance both the student and instructor experiences in this course: Student CD-ROM.This CD-ROM is packaged free with the textbook. It provides an interactive study program that allows students to practice answering NCLEX-style questions with rationales for right and wrong answers. It also contains an Audio Glossary, animations and video clips, and a link to the Companion Website (an Internet connection is required). Companion Websitewww.prenhall.com/kneisl. Thisfreeonline study guide is designed to help students apply the concepts presented in the book. Each chapter-specific module features objectives, Audio Glossary, chapter summary for lecture notes, NCLEX Review questions, case studies, care plan activities, class discussion questions, WebLinks, and Nursing Tools, such as Standards of Psychiatric-Mental Health Nursing Practice, and more. Faculty adopting this textbook have free access to the online Syllabus Manager feature of the Companion Website. Syllabus Manager offers a whole host of features that facilitate the students' use of the Companion Website, and allows faculty to post syllabi and course information online for their students. For more information or a demonstration of Syllabus Manager, please contact a Prentice Hall Sales Representative. Clinical Companion for Psychiatric-Mental Health Nursing.This clinical companion serves as a portable, quick reference to psychiatric-mental health nursing. Topics include DSM-IV-TR classifications, common diagnostic studies, over 20 clinical applications for mental health disorders, medications, and much more. This handbook will allow students to bring the information they learn from class into any clinical setting. Instructor's Resource Manual.This manual contains a wealth of material to help faculty plan and manage the Mental Health Nursing course. It includes chapter overviews, detailed lecture suggestions and outlines, learning objectives, discussion points, a complete test bank, answers to the textbook critical thinking exercises, teaching tips, and more for each chapter. The IRM also guides faculty on how to assign and use the text-specific Companion Website, www.prenhall.com/kneisl, and the free student CD-ROM that accompany the textbook. Instructor's Resource CD-ROM.This cross-platform CDROM provides illustrations and text slides in PowerPoint for use in classroom lectures. It also contains an electronic test bank, answers to the textbook critical thinking challenges, and animations and videos from the Student CDROM. This supplement is available to faculty free upon adoption of the textbook. Online Course Management Systems.Also available are Blackboard, WebCt, and CourseCompass online companions available for schools using course management systems. The online course management solutions feature interactive modules, electronic test banks, PowerPoint slides including images and discussion points, animations and video clips, and more. For more information about adopting an online course management system to accompanyContemporary Psychiatric-Mental Health Nursing, please contact your Prentice Hall Health Sales Representative or go online towww.prenhall.com/demo. THE TEXTBOOK AS A MAP, A COMPASS, AND AN INSPIRATION Psychiatric-mental health nursing is poised at a crossroads. We are challenged to bring complex thinking to a complex world if we are to actualize our contribution to global mental healthathe vision to which this text is dedicated. This book has been crafted to provide you with the best possible evidence generated in research to help you achieve your goal of excellence in practice. It offers a fully integrated bio/psycho/social perspective rather than relying on any single theory or ideology. It encourages you to become personally, professionally, and spiritually willing to muster the courage and hope necessary to forge proactive steps in our future and to make a commitment to work globally in a contemporary landscape and mindscape. We have the opportunity to forge a new synthesis of professional wisdom in face of tough mind-body-spirit problems and needs. We need to face the new millennium's critical transitions with intelligence, stamina, wit, creativity, skill, and moral courage. Global mental health can become a shared emergent vision constructed in a way that is respectful of the rich diversity of the citizens of our contemporary world. We created this book to provide you with a map, a compass, and the inspiration to succeed in your current work. We hope that it encourages you to become a participant and leader in facing the broader challenges ahead of us. Carol Ren Kneisl Holly Skodol Wilson Eileen TrigoboffORGANIZATION The detailed table of contents at the beginning of the book makes its clear organization easy to follow. The book is divided into five parts.
|Title||:||Contemporary Psychiatric-mental Health Nursing|
|Author||:||Carol Ren Kneisl, Holly Skodol Wilson, Eileen Trigoboff|
|Publisher||:||Prentice Hall - 2004|