A NATO Advanced Study Institute on qDemand-Side Management and Electricity End-Use Efficiencyq was held in order to present and to discuss some of the most recent developments in demand-side electric power management and planning methodologies as well as research progress in relevant end-use technologies. Electricity is assuming an increasingly important role in buildings and industry, due to its flexibility, efficiency of conversion and cleanliness at the point of use. However the production and transmission of electricity requires huge investments and may have undesirable environmental impacts. The recent nuclear accident in Chernobyl and the damage caused by acid precipitation are creating increasing concerns about the impacts of power plants. Some environmental problems are local or regional, others such as global warming can affect the whole world. Although environmental impacts may be minimized with additional investments, electricity generation will become even more capital intensive. Energy, and electricity in particular, is not directly consumed by people. To achieve improved standards of living, what is important is. the level of production of goods and services. If it is possible to produce the same quantity of goods and services with less electricity and in a cost-effective way, substantial benefits can be gained. By reducing costs, electricity efficiency can raise the standards of living and increase the competitiveness of an economy. Electricity efficiency also leads to reduced requirements in power plant operation, thus leading to reduced consumption of primary energy supplies and a higher quality environment.RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT IN THE AREA OF HEAT PUMPTECHNOLOGY Karl Holzapfel Director IEA Heat Pump ... life - developing better system integration concepts - developing guidelines for preventive maintenance 415 A. T. Deanbsp;...
|Title||:||Demand-Side Management and Electricity End-Use Efficiency|
|Author||:||A. de Almeida, Arthur H. Rosenfeld|
|Publisher||:||Springer Science & Business Media - 2012-12-06|