Dynamic of Ethnic Relations in Southeast Asia

Dynamic of Ethnic Relations in Southeast Asia

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Dr Mahathir Mohamad, former Prime Minister of Malaysia, said in the Far Eastern Economic Review, 28 October 1996: a€œThe threat is from inside ... So we have to be armed, so to speak. Not with guns, but with the necessary laws to make sure the country remains stable.a€ He implied that ethnic conflict and political instability are inevitable in a multi-ethnic society unless protected by certain laws. Ethnic conflict is like a time bomb. The misuse of human rights for political ends and to exploit ethnic sentiments can spark ethnic conflict. In theory, the modern nation-state must achieve pluralism in its project of nation building. There are few nations in the world which consist of a single ethnic group. Yet, multi-ethnicity also seems to be a serious challenge to any system of government, especially in Southeast Asia, as it adds possibly deep-running cleavages to societies. Some groups are marginalized in the course of nation-building as a result of the nature of the relationship between nation and state. Arjun Appadurai stated that a€œthe nation and the state have become one anothera€™s projecta€: groups try to capture states and their power while states try to a€œmonopolize about the nationhood.a€ There is always tension between the centre and the margin. The centre often consists of one ethnic group and marginalised minority groups are denied their right to equality. Sometimes horrible wars with thousands of victims commence as a consequence of such processes of ethnically-framed nation-building. Therefore, a democratic setting should be functionally superior; that is, in a better position to moderate the escalatory tendencies inherent in a multi-ethnic setting, thereby achieving less violence-prone conflict management, and its eventual resolution in Southeast Asia. This book is intended for anyone interested in the subject of ethnic relations and conflicts, especially politicians, policy makers, civil society activists, academia, and students of ethnic/race studies and Southeast Asian politics.The fundamental difference between the Malaysian and the Philippine case is about article 13 of the Universal ... Settler-colonial societies are especially problematic and likely to kindle violent rebellion, because they a#39;display a logic of anbsp;...

Title:Dynamic of Ethnic Relations in Southeast Asia
Author:Mohd Azizuddin Mohd Sani, Rie Nakamura, Shamsuddin L. Taya
Publisher:Cambridge Scholars Publishing - 2010-04-16


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