Climate change is one of the most important environmental problems faced by Planet Earth. The majority of CO2 emissions come from burning fossil fuels for energy production and improvements in energy efficiency shows the greatest potential for any single strategy to abate global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from the energy sector. Energy related emissions account for almost 80% of the EU's total greenhouse gas emissions. The building sector is the largest energy user responsible for about 40% of the EUas total final energy consumption. In Europe the number of installed air conditioning systems has increased 500% over the last 20 years, but in that same period energy cooling needs have increased more than 20 times. The increase in energy cooling needs relates to the current higher living and working standards. In urban environments with low outdoor air quality (the general case) this means that in summer-time one cannot count on natural ventilation to reduce cooling needs. Do not forget the synergistic effect between heat waves and air pollution which means that outdoor air quality is worse in the summer aggravating cooling needs. Over the next few years this phenomenon will become much worse because more people will live in cities, more than 2 billion by 2050 and global warming will aggravate cooling needs. An overview of materials to lessen the impact of urban heat islands Excellent coverage of building materials to reduce air condtioning needs Innovative products discussed such as Thermo and Electrochromic materialsClimate change is one of the most important environmental problems on the planet (Garcia et al., 2014; IPCC, 2007; ... have been projected to increase both in geographic reach as well as severity (IPCC, 2012; McMichael et al., 2006).
|Title||:||Eco-efficient Materials for Mitigating Building Cooling Needs|
|Author||:||Fernando Pacheco-Torgal, João Labrincha, Luisa Cabeza, Claes Goeran Granqvist|
|Publisher||:||Woodhead Publishing - 2015-02-27|