For centuries, electrochemistry has played a key role in technologically important areas such as electroplating or corrosion. In recent decades, electrochemical methods are receiving increasing attention in important strongly growing fields of science and technology such as nanosciences (nanoelectrochemistry) and life-sciences (organic and biological electrochemistry). Characterization, modification and understanding of various electrochemical interfaces or electrochemical processes at the nanoscale, has led to a huge increase of the scientific interest in electrochemical mechanisms as well as of application of electrochemical methods in novel technologies. This book presents exciting emerging scientific and technological aspects of the introduction of the nanodimension in electrochemical approaches are presented in 12 chapters/subchapters.Experimental. Realization. and. Operation. Modes. In scanning force microscopy (also called atomic force microscopy, AFM) the force between the tip of the probe and the sample ... In the following chapter, the focus will be on the AFM operation modes commonly used in electrochemical environment. ... 19b, solid line) is.
|Title||:||Electrochemistry at the Nanoscale|
|Author||:||Patrik Schmuki, Sannakaisa Virtanen|
|Publisher||:||Springer Science & Business Media - 2009-07-21|