Previous economic input-output life-cycle analysis studies of civil infrastructure have used the model output to compare a small set of alternatives. However, for civil infrastructure development such as pavement design, a larger set of alternative designs is typically encountered. There is often no unique solution for such a problem. Demonstration of life-cycle analysis for large-scale problems is needed. Furthermore, these previous studies of civil infrastructure did not provide guidance on how to deal with the large number of reported environmental burden parameters when considering civil infrastructure planning. In situations, where in addition to the alternative designs, there are a large number of environmental parameters the analysis becomes complex and multiobjective optimization analysis becomes important. This research develops and demonstrates multiobjective optimization modeling of civil infrastructure in which there are many alternative designs and a large number of environmental burden parameters. The modeling approach and methods adopted to illustrate the model are presented.Journal of Industrial Ecology, Volume 3, Number. 2aamp;3, pp. 95-120. Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (November, 2002): Green Building Rating System for New Construction and Major Renovations (LEED-NC), ... Martin, R. ( 1998) ISO Guidance Manual. ... Journal of ASTM International, Volume 2, Number 1.
|Title||:||Emerging Civil Infrastructure and Environmental Sustainability: Life-cycle Assessment and Multiobjective Optimization|
|Publisher||:||ProQuest - 2008|