Emerging Viral Diseases:

Emerging Viral Diseases:

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In the past half century, deadly disease outbreaks caused by novel viruses of animal origin - Nipah virus in Malaysia, Hendra virus in Australia, Hantavirus in the United States, Ebola virus in Africa, along with HIV (human immunodeficiency virus), several influenza subtypes, and the SARS (sudden acute respiratory syndrome) and MERS (Middle East respiratory syndrome) coronaviruses - have underscored the urgency of understanding factors influencing viral disease emergence and spread. Emerging Viral Diseases is the summary of a public workshop hosted in March 2014 to examine factors driving the appearance, establishment, and spread of emerging, re-emerging and novel viral diseases; the global health and economic impacts of recently emerging and novel viral diseases in humans; and the scientific and policy approaches to improving domestic and international capacity to detect and respond to global outbreaks of infectious disease. This report is a record of the presentations and discussion of the event.The One Health Connection: Workshop Summary Forum on Microbial Threats, Board on Global Health, Institute of Medicine Eileen R. Choffnes, Alison Mack ... research; and Translating basic findings into clinical research with the ultimate goal of developing diagnostics, therapeutics, and vaccines. ... The HA structure of the 2009 H1N1 virus is shown (PDB code 3LZG). ... Intensive screening of MERSCoV contacts revealed very few instances of household transmission ( WHO, 2014d).

Title:Emerging Viral Diseases:
Author:Forum on Microbial Threats, Board on Global Health, Institute of Medicine
Publisher:National Academies Press - 2015-03-19


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