Engineers, often perceived as central agents of industrial capitalism, are thought to be the same in all capitalist societies, occupying roughly the same social status and performing similar functions in the capitalist enterprise. What the essays in this volume reveal, however, is that engineers are trained and organized quite distinctly in different national contexts. The book includes case studies of engineers in six major industrial economies: Japan, France, Germany, Sweden, Britain and the United States. Through a comparison of these six cases, the authors develop an approach to national differences which both retains the place of historical diversity in the experience of capitalism and accommodates the forces of convergence from increasing globalisation and economic integration. Contributions from: Boel Berner, Stephen Crawford, Kees Gispen, Kevin McCormick and Peter Whalley.Introduction Much social science writing on engineers in industrial societies is organized around themes of tensions between the ... for example, a#39;I am a Toshiba mana#39; or a#39;I am a Nissan mana#39; rather than a#39;I am a mechanical engineera#39; or a#39;I am an electrical engineera#39;. Is this another case of Japanese exceptionalism? Has Japan uncovered a distinctive social pattern of a#39;industrialisma#39; of which Japanese engineers are another example? ... These questions guide much of the core of this essay.
|Author||:||Peter Meiksins, Chris Smith, Boel Berner|
|Publisher||:||Verso - 1996-01|