The second chapter analyzes the effects of jurisdictional uncertainty and capital controls on cross-country real interest rate differentials. The inspiration comes from an article by Arida, Bacha, and Lara-Resende (2005), which argues specifically for the Brazilian case that, risks associated with the jurisdiction and currency inconvertibility are relevant determinants of the level of short-term real interest rates. A methodology based on their definition of jurisdiction uncertainty is formulated, and then a set of institutional variables is used together with an index of capital controls to test their conjecture and variants of it. The results are by and large unfavorable not only to Arida, Bacha, and Lara-Resende (2005)'s conjecture, but also to variants of their argument. The results further indicate that traditional monetary and fiscal factors are far more relevant to explain the level of short-term real interest rates than the binomial jurisdictional uncertainty/currency inconvertibility is.The only difference between this definition and the one used by Alesina and Perotti (1996) is that, in addition to it, they also ... for the great majority of the countries in my sample in the period analyzed, I could not use the exact same definition.
|Title||:||Essays on Fiscal Consolidation and Monetary Policy|
|Publisher||:||ProQuest - 2007|