Evaluation of Tax Incentives for Research and Development in Germany

Evaluation of Tax Incentives for Research and Development in Germany

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Germany has currently no explicit form of tax incentive for RaD as they exist in many other countries. The objective of this study is to analyse and evaluate aspects that are important when an RaD tax incentive shall be established in Germany. The study is done both from a business and from an economic policy point of view. It broadens the focus to an European perspective, where the results can be of use in other countries. The study derives relevant research questions and outlines a framework for the evaluation of RaD tax incentives. It provides an overview on the different forms of RaD tax incentives in EU member states in 2010. A discussion then outlines potential models that could be used in Germany. A focus is on the analysis of the incentive's impact on the firm's total tax payments and on the RaD cost by means of a simulation model. Sensitivity analyses use different economic settings and model firms. Another focus is on the empirical analysis of effects from RaD tax incentives and corporate income tax burden on patenting behaviour by using firm-specific patent applications at the European Patent Office (EPO). A substantiated political discussion necessarily needs a projection of potential budgetary costs. Thus, the last focus is on the tax burden and on the overall fiscal costs and applies a micro-simulation model based on a financial statements database to quantify the effects induced by the various models of an RaD tax credit.Definition of Favoured Raamp;D Expenditures The definition of Raamp;D expenses which fall under the tax incentive is crucial for the amount of tax ... Losses and Low Profitability All tax incentives reduce the tax due of the respective period. ... Most countries link the option to carry forward to the general rules for loss carry forward .

Title:Evaluation of Tax Incentives for Research and Development in Germany
Author:Christof Ernst
Publisher:BoD – Books on Demand - 2012


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