PROPAGATION LINK ERRORS The propagation link errors have been identified as being due to ionospheric delay, tropo- spheric ... of a finite transmission medium produces a pseudorange code modulation delay with a resulting range bias error. ... An analytical expression for the ionospheric delay is given as: AL = h [esc (E2 + 20.32)]aquot;2 (6) 4l7aquot;faquot; where AL== ... constant in MKS unit f = carrier frequency in hertz IAr = vertical electron content in electrons/meter2 E = elevation angle inanbsp;...
|Title||:||Global positioning system|
|Author||:||Institute of Navigation|
|Publisher||:||Inst of Navigation - 1980|