Hobohemia and the Crucifixion Machine

Hobohemia and the Crucifixion Machine

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In the early years of the Great Depression, thousands of unemployed homeless transients settled into Vancouvera€™s a€œhobo jungle.a€ The jungle operated as a distinct community, in which goods were exchanged and shared directly, without benefit of currency. The organization of life was immediate and consensual, conducted in the absence of capital accumulation. But as the transients moved from the jungles to the city, they made innumerable demands on Vancouvera€™s Relief Department, consuming financial resources at a rate that threatened the city with bankruptcy. In response, the municipality instituted a card-control systema€”no longer offering relief recipients currency to do with as they chose. It also implemented new investigative and assessment procedures, including office spies, to weed out organizational inefficiencies. McCallum argues that, threatened by this a€œungovernable society, a€ Vancouvera€™s Relief Department employed Fordist management methods that ultimately stripped the transients of their individuality. Vancouvera€™s municipal government entered into contractual relationships with dozens of private businesses, tendering bids for meals in much the same fashion as for printing jobs and construction projects. As a result, entrepreneurs clamoured to get their share of the state spending. With the emergence of work relief camps, the provincial government harnessed the only currency that homeless men possessed: their muscle. This new form of unfree labour aided the province in developing its tourist driven a€œimagea€ economy, as well as facilitating the transportation of natural resources and manufactured goods. It also led eventually to the most significant protest movement of 1930sa€™ Canada, the On-to-Ottawa Trek. Hobohemia and the Crucifixion Machine explores the connections between the history of transiency and that of Fordism, offering a new interpretation of the economic and political crises that wracked Canada in the early years of the Great Depression.Rival Images of a New World in 1930s Vancouver Todd McCallum ... By 1943, the printed instruction manual was in its fourth edition and promised to a€œpreserve all that is characteristic and traditional in these dances, at the same time makinganbsp;...

Title:Hobohemia and the Crucifixion Machine
Author:Todd McCallum
Publisher:Athabasca University Press - 2014-12-28


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