Essay from the year 2010 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Region: Western Europe, grade: 1, 0, University of Wales, Aberystwyth (Department of International Politics), language: English, comment: Passed with distinction ('Work that shows a considerable degree of critical thought, flair and independence, together with sound factual knowledge' Master's Handbook, Department of International Politics), abstract: Some argue tat most major conflicts are triggered by internal, elite-level activities. At the same time peace processes are often elite-driven with a relatively small number of people responsible for making final decisions. The following analysis examines different attempts in Northern Ireland and the Basque Country to contribute sustainably to a peace process on a political elite-level. It will be shown that the success of leadership and political risk-taking by elites is highly dependent on the circumstances. It will be shown that courageous elite decisions are doomed to have little effect if basic requirements are lacking. Simultaneously, even if the preconditions seem to be appropriate peace processes can fail due to a lack of commitment on the side of political leaders. The conflicts in Northern Ireland and the Basque Country show - up to a certain extent - notable similarities in their initial situations. In both cases nationalist movements tried/try to alter the state of autonomy in one part of the country. Both conflicts led to cruel violence and left numerous civilians dead. Both conflicts took and take politically place within the particular province and between the province and the federal government of the nation state (Spain/United Kingdom and Ireland). The nationalist movements in both cases are divided between a radical party (Batasuna/Sinn Fein) and a more moderate one (PNV/SDLP). These similarities compose a good starting point for a comparative analysis. Regarding the generalizability of the findings, two central restrictionsEssay from the year 2010 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Region: Western Europe, grade: 1, 0, University of Wales, Aberystwyth (Department of International Politics), language: English, comment: Passed with distinction ( ...
|Title||:||Leadership and Political Risk Taking - A Comparative Analysis Between Northern Ireland and the Basque Country|
|Publisher||:||GRIN Verlag - 2010-08|