Box 9E. 1 Continued FIGURE 2. The CaSaR triangle model (Grime 1979). The strategies at the three corners are C, competiti- winning species; S, stress-tolerating s- cies; R, ruderalspecies. Particular species can engage in any mixture of these three primary strategies, and the m- ture is described by their position within the triangle. comment briefly on some other dimensions that Grimeas (1977) triangle (Fig. 2) (see also Sects. 6. 1 are not yet so well understood. and 6. 3 of Chapter 7 on growth and allocation) is a two-dimensional scheme. A CaS axis (Com- tition-winning species to Stress-tolerating spe- Leaf Economics Spectrum cies) reflects adaptation to favorable vs. unfavorable sites for plant growth, and an R- Five traits that are coordinated across species are axis (Ruderal species) reflects adaptation to leaf mass per area (LMA), leaf life-span, leaf N disturbance. concentration, and potential photosynthesis and dark respiration on a mass basis. In the five-trait Trait-Dimensions space, 79%ofallvariation worldwideliesalonga single main axis (Fig. 33 of Chapter 2A on photo- A recent trend in plant strategy thinking has synthesis; Wright et al. 2004). Species with low been trait-dimensions, that is, spectra of varia- LMA tend to have short leaf life-spans, high leaf tion with respect to measurable traits. Compared nutrient concentrations, and high potential rates of mass-based photosynthesis. These species with category schemes, such as Raunkiaeras, trait occur at the aaquick-returnaa end of the leaf e- dimensions have the merit of capturing cont- nomics spectrum.aquot; - Journal of Plant Physiology aquot;This is a remarkable book, which should do much to consolidate the importance of plant physiological ecology as a strongly emerging discipline.
|Title||:||Plant Physiological Ecology|
|Author||:||Hans Lambers, F. Stuart Chapin III, Thijs L. Pons|
|Publisher||:||Springer Science & Business Media - 2008-10-08|