Process analytical chemistry (PAC) can be defined as the technology of obtaining quantitative and qualitative information about a chemical process in order to control or optimise its performance. This highly practical book provides an up-to-date introduction to the field with a special emphasis placed on industrial processes. Edited by representatives from one of the world's leading chemical companies and centres of excellence for research into the subject, the book is written by a transatlantic team of authors who provide a global perspective.Flash point measures the response of the sample to heat and flame under controlled laboratory conditions. It is only ... are among the oldest and most widely used of all tests on petroleum products and as such provide a major workload in refinery laboratories. ... This method covers the testing of all mobile liquids with a flash point below 200AdF and a viscosity less that 5.5 cSt at 104AdF or less than 9.5 cSt at 77AdF. A typical manual Tag closed-cup test apparatus is shown in Figure 3.10.
|Title||:||Process Analytical Chemistry|
|Publisher||:||Springer Science & Business Media - 1995-06-30|