Rare Earth Elements

Rare Earth Elements

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This thesis deals with Rare Earth Elements (REE), especially with neodymium used in permanent magnets, from a very scientific basis by providing basic research data. Despite the fact that REE are newsworthy and very important elements for a considerable bandwidth of todaysa€™ technologies, accompanied by the monopolistic supply-situation and Chinese politics, there are inexplicable data discrepancies about REE which have been recognized frequently but usually have not been addressed accordingly. So this analysis started with the hypothesis that the four application areas, namely computer hard disk drives (HDD), mobile phones, wind turbines and e-mobility (automotive traction), account for about 80% of the global annual neodymium-demand. The research methodology was a laboratory analysis of the composition of used magnets for HDDs and mobile phones and a literature and official report analysis of wind turbine and automotive neodymium use. The result was amazing and the hypothesis had to be withdrawn as these four areas only account for about 20% of neodymium use. This result raises some questions concerning actual use and thus potential recycling options.Samsung SP 2014 N weighed 2 g. ... In average there were the following magnets (weight) included: 2 cubic PM next to the laser (1 g each), 1 ring ( washer type) ... A manual separation seems not economical so that specialized automatic techniques are desirable to disassemble the magnets from the HDDs automatically.

Title:Rare Earth Elements
Author:Volker Zepf
Publisher:Springer Science & Business Media - 2013-02-14


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