Emergency medical technicians (EMTs) are an integral part of the EMS systems nationwide. EMTs are exposed to communicable diseases, particularly via inhalation, on a routine basis. The purpose of this study was to examine use and nonuse of respiratory protection and to discover if there was a relationship between risk perception and the utilization of respiratory protection to improve respiratory protection utilization by EMTs. A comprehensive literature review demonstrated no study had examined the relationship between risk perception and the utilization of respiratory protection by EMTs. A quantitative cross sectional study design based upon the theoretical framework of the Health Belief Model was utilized to assess the relationship between perceived risk and the utilization of respiratory protection in two counties in New Jersey. Purposive sampling was utilized based upon tuberculosis rates in New Jersey. One county with a high TB rate and one county with a low TB rate were selected. The researcher recruited 182 EMTs for volunteer participation. Exploratory data analysis and inferential statistics, in particular logistic regression and 95% confidence interval for proportions, were utilized to test the proposed hypotheses. The research demonstrated that less than 50% of EMTs utilize respiratory protection and that there is no relationship between respiratory protection utilization and risk perception. The information gathered from this study will be used to effect social change within the State of New Jersey by developing a policy to increase respiratory protection utilization in the EMT population, potentially reducing exposure to communicable diseases.Emergency medical services information systems and a future EMS national database. Prehospital Emergency ... National Highway Transportation Safety Administration (1995). EMT-Basic: National standard curriculum. Retrieved August 3anbsp;...
|Title||:||Risk Perception and Respiratory Protection Utilization in the Emergency Medical Technician Population|
|Publisher||:||ProQuest - 2008|