Economic growth and globalisation create traffic growth, leading to congestion, which again increases travel times and costs. Road pricing is an instrument that may efficiently reduce the negative impacts. This volume is a collection of research papers on the use of road pricing. The focus is on passenger transport, and the papers cover a wide range of approaches, including theoretical modelling and empirical studies of road pricing experience from different cities.3.5 Discussion and Conclusions The subject of this paper is the effect on transport a and to some extent on location a of road pricing. General answers to that question would definitely be very useful. ... congestion pricing scenario with respect to the reference scenario Zone Activity 1 (city centre) 2 3 4 5 Households 0.3 -0.8 0.9 0.4 0.7 Workplaces ... 0.6 -0.1 -0.8 Services -2.1 -0.3 2.8 -0.6 -2.1 The other way is to carry out an ex ante study by analysing what happens in an urban transportanbsp;...
|Title||:||Road Pricing, the Economy and the Environment|
|Author||:||C. Jensen-Butler, Brigitte Sloth, Morten M. Larsen, Bjarne Madsen, Otto A. Nielsen|
|Publisher||:||Springer Science & Business Media - 2008-01-24|