Two studies tested a process model in which the interaction of trait and state self-concept clarity predicted changes in self-structure, and this revised self-structure then predicted changes in self-reported state clarity. Self-concept clarity was manipulated in Study 1 in order to test a causal link between changes in self-clarity and self-structure. Contrary to predictions, participants with high trait clarity and high state clarity displayed the most integrative self-structure (including positive and negative self-beliefs in the same self-aspects), whereas participants with low trait clarity and high state clarity displayed a significantly more compartmentalized self-structure (separating positive and negative self-beliefs into different self-aspects). Moreover, positively integrated participants (those with a low proportion of negative attributes included in their self-concept) reported the highest clarity at the end of the study, confirming that integration is associated with higher state clarity. In Study 2, the question of whether an integrated self-structure can cause increased clarity was examined by manipulating the order in which participants viewed new self-knowledge. Results showed that participants who viewed new self-knowledge in an integrated order were less confused and reported more moderate emotional reactions to the information than those who viewed a negatively-compartmentalized order. Taken together, these results suggest that increases in state clarity can lead individuals to display either an integrative or compartmentalized self-structure, depending on the moderating level of trait clarity; however, as hypothesized, positively integrative structures are associated with increased state clarity, as well as less confusion and less extreme reactions to new self-knowledge.Nevertheless, self-concept clarity may be an important variable of interest when studying other structural models because it could ... For example, an individual who considers himself to be a good student could experience a loss of clarity if he receives a low ... This enables him to acknowledge that he performed poorly on the essay exam, but that he usually performs very well on other class assignments.
|Title||:||Self-structure and Self-concept Clarity: Evaluative Integration as a Means to Increased Self-clarity|
|Publisher||:||ProQuest - 2008|