The first chapter of the book seeks to reveal the various socio-economic implications of the power developmental projects both positive and negative. The social issues arising out of such projects include forced migration of the local population, employment and labor issues, educational transitions of the student folk besides gender issues. The second chapter aims to study the various impacts and consequences of developmental projects on family as a social institution. Taking particular note about Jammu and Kashmir (JaK) state there are many development projects like Ranjit Sagar Dam, Salal Hydro Project, Uri project, Dul Hasti Project, Sewa Hydel Project, Baglihar Project etc. which has resulted in the displacement from the project affected areas and submerge areas. Displacement, resettlement and rehabilitation have been serious concern for all developing countries including India. A large number of development project such as dams, factories, mines etc, have been initiated and established in the last five and half decade resulting in eviction of 40 to 50 million people approximately, mostly tribal/rural. Only about 25 % have led some sort of rehabilitation, the quality of which is for from satisfactory. Projects have been poorly formulated and inefficiently implemented resulting in an undesirable impact on environment leading to deterioration in the quality of people's lives. Disruption in the established pattern of life of displaced people is traumatic and results in a spiral of impoverishments; economically, socially culturally and politically. Displacement is not a new phenomenon. There is evidence of development-induced displacement already from the era of the Guptas from the 3rd to the 6th century A.D. It seems to have continued to some extent in the Mughal Age and picked up momentum under the British. The post-independence measures have resulted in much more displacement than in the colonial times with the difference that now it is in the name of national development. That was the reason for fixing 1951, the year of the First Five Year Plan. Much of 19th century displacement is process induced rather than project induced. The economy and the legal system of the Indian Empire (the present day Bhutan, India, Nepal, Pakistan and Bangladesh) were changed to suit the needs of the British economy. That also caused displacement. The fifth chapter focuses on the effects of dam projects on rural women. Displacement results from war and civil strife have become matters of grave concern for the international community, virtually stealing the show over other causes of displacement that are no less painful and ruinous for the displaced. The main impacts, however, are on the rural women as seen in many previous studies on displacement issues. Chapter six is an attempt to highlight the various poverty issues arising out of such projects. The process of rehabilitation of people displaced as a result of the erection of dams and other developmental activities is quite different from the process arising from the The seventh chapter seeks to reveal the various socio-economic implications of the power developmental projects both positive and negative. The social issues arising out of such projects include forced migration of the local population, employment and labor issues, educational transitions of the student folk besides gender issues. Attempts have been made during to interrogate into the processes of social mobility, stratification and differentiation arising due to the transitions towards set back or forwards in the economic system of the areas under and near such developmental projects.The first chapter of the book seeks to reveal the various socio-economic implications of the power developmental projects both positive and negative.
|Title||:||Social Development and Society|
|Publisher||:||CreateSpace - 2014-04-29|