According to recent reports, the United States currently accounts for less than one-third of global research and development spending, and it is projected that this fraction will decline to 18% by 2050. These statistics, compounded by the recognition that the United States no longer maintains technological superiority across all research fields, highlight the need for the U.S. research community to stay abreast of emerging science and technology (SaT) around the world, to leverage others' investments, and to seek out collaborations in areas where researchers need to remain at the leading edge. The United States' Department of Defense (DoD) has long relied on its historical technological superiority to maintain military advantage. However, as the U.S. share of SaT output shrinks and as the U.S. defense research enterprise struggles to keep pace with the expanding challenges of the evolving security environment and the increased speed and cost of global technology development, the DoD must reexamine its strategy for maintaining awareness of emerging SaT developments occurring around the world. To fully leverage these advances and to make strategic research investments, the DoD must assess with whom and in which areas it should collaborate. To delve more deeply into the implications of the globalization of SaT and of international SaT engagement for the DoD, the Office of Naval Research, the Air Force Office of Scientific Research , and the Office of the Deputy Assistant Secretary of the Army for Research and Technology asked the National Research Council to assess current DoD strategies in the three Services - Army, Air Force, and Navy - for leveraging global SaT and for implementing and coordinating these strategies across the department. Strategic Engagement in Global SaT assesses the opportunities and challenges stemming from the globalization of SaT and the implications for the DoD and its Services. This report considers DoD strategies in the three Services for leveraging global SaT and implementation and coordination of these strategies across DoD. The report explores models for global SaT engagement utilized by other domestic and foreign organizations.Strategic Engagement in Global SaT assesses how the ongoing globalization of SaT may impact research funding and priorities and workforce needs, as well as issues of building and maintaining trusted relationships and avoiding technology surprises. This report will be of interest to researchers and industry professionals with expertise in the globalization of science and technology, international engagement, the defense research enterprise, program evaluation, and national security.Engineering Indicators 2014 Digest. ... Figure 13 examines data compiled from the Times Higher Education World University Rankings 20132014, which used 13 indicators across four core missions: teaching, research, knowledge transfer, anbsp;...
|Title||:||Strategic Engagement in Global S&T:|
|Author||:||Committee on Globalization of Science and Technology: Opportunities and Challenges for the Department of Defense, Board on Global Science and Technology, Policy and Global Affairs, National Research Council|
|Publisher||:||National Academies Press - 2014-06-30|