A substantial number of American children experience poverty: about 17 percent of those under the age of eighteen meet the governmentas definition, and the proportion is even greater within minority groups. Childhood poverty can have lifelong effects, resulting in poor educational, labor market, and physical and mental health outcomes for adults. These problems have long been recognized, and there are numerous programs designed to alleviate or even eliminate poverty; as these programs compete for scarce resources, it is important to develop a clear view of their impact as tools for poverty alleviation. Targeting Investments in Children tackles the problem of evaluating these programs by examining them using a common metric: their impact on earnings in adulthood. The volumeas contributors explore a variety of issues, such as the effect of interventions targeted at children of different ages, and study a range of programs, including child care, after-school care, and drug prevention. The results will be invaluable to educational leaders and researchers as well as policy makers.on serving participants over twenty years old who are not in the programa#39;s residential centers. ... current federal minimum wage of $7.25 per hour.34 This estimate is conservative because in fact many of these youthsa#39; skills are such that they are unlikely ... disadvantaged youths by roughly $2.75 per hour, or $5, 500 per year.35 This desired impact is on par with those reported for 20- to 24-year- old Africananbsp;...
|Title||:||Targeting Investments in Children|
|Author||:||Phillip B. Levine, David J. Zimmerman|
|Publisher||:||University of Chicago Press - 2010-10-15|