The Asian American population is the fastest growing of all the major racial and ethnic groups in the U.S. in terms of percentage growth. Furthermore, American-born Asian Americans are estimated to outnumber the foreign-born ones by 2020 (U.S. Census Bureau, 2000). As the generation status increases for all Asians in the U.S., there is a growing need to examine the ways in which Asian Americans maintain, negotiate, and make meaning of their dual American and Asian ethnicities. Previous research has found that many individuals living in the context of two cultures experience a sense of alienation from either or both their ethnic cultural group and the mainstream cultural group (e.g., Chen, 1992). Cultural alienation is defined in this study as the feeling or experience of being pulled towards but not fully accepted into either or both one's Asian ethnic cultural group and the American cultural group. It is a unique stressor faced by many bicultural Asian Americans, contributed toward not only by their ethnic background, but also by their racial minority status, and the differing cultural orientations of Asian and American culture. The absence of a scale that assesses cultural alienation among bicultural Asian Americans has prevented researchers from examining this phenomenon quantitatively and its relationship to important indicators of well-being and health. Accordingly, the aim of this study is to develop a valid and reliable scale that measures cultural alienation among bicultural Asian American adults. Participants ( N = 410) in this study included a national sample of bicultural Asian American adults who completed the study over the Internet. Exploratory factor analysis was used to develop the Asian American Cultural Alienation Scale (AACAS). A total of 4 factors emerged: the Alienation from American Culture (11 items), Alienation from Ethnic Culture (6 items), Cultural Tension (5 items), and Messages of Cultural Inauthenticity (4 items). The Cronbach's alpha for the subscales were .88, .85, .85, and.80, respectively. The subscales demonstrated convergent and discriminant validity with no indication of cross-factor loadings. Additionally, the AACAS demonstrated strong test-retest and split-half reliability. Implications for theory, research, and practice are discussed.The email thanked participants for participating and informed them of the follow- up study and another opportunity to enter the raffle for one of three American Express gift cards (see Appendix P). The web link was also provided for potential anbsp;...
|Title||:||The Asian American Cultural Alienation Scale: Development, Factor Analysis, Validation, and Reliability|
|Publisher||:||ProQuest - 2007|