The students in my social studies class had difficulty comprehending information from textbooks and other nonfiction reading. Graphic organizers, a general teaching tool that visual or spatial representations of the text, have been identified as tools to aid comprehension. The purpose of this study was to see if graphic organizers would improve the retention of information obtained from a social studies textbook. Graphic organizers were implemented in a sixth grade classroom over a seven week period during the fall of 2007 at Monticello Middle School. Three different types of graphic organizers were implemented in a sixth grade social studies unit on the Stone Ages and early cultures. The study consisted of two sixth grade classes, each with 23 students. One class received the treatment of the graphic organizers and the other class did not. The research administered in initial survey and a pretest to rate the students' knowledge of graphic organizers and the unit topic. The students were taught how to use the graphic organizers through explicit, whole class instruction and were used in conjunction with the textbook. A multiple-choice posttest and survey were given and results were compared between the two classes. Results indicated a significant increase in the comprehension of the text of the students involved in the treatment group.A multiple-choice posttest and survey were given and results were compared between the two classes. Results indicated a significant increase in the comprehension of the text of the students involved in the treatment group.
|Title||:||The Effects of Graphic Organizers on the Retention of Social Studies Curriculum|
|Author||:||Callie R. Kromminga-Ehrisman|