This working paper presents the results of a comprehensive groundwater survey of Pakistan, designed to understand the dynamics of groundwater use, operation and maintenance patterns, socio-economics of groundwater irrigation, land use pattern, crops, yields, and groundwater irrigation practices. For this survey, Pakistan was divided into 83 nodal intervals, with each node covering an area of 100 km*100 km; and one village from center of each grid was selected as sample. From each sample village, 15 tubewell owners were randomly selected as respondents. In total, 1200 private tubewell owners were interviewed for this study. The distance between two sample villages was kept more than 40 kilometers. This was done to avoid influences of one-village activities on the other.The survey results indicate that about 30 percent well owners in Punjab and Sindh sell water from theirpumps. ... Generally, tractors used for groundwater extraction have 40-85 horsepower engines whereas diesel engines are of 16-20 anbsp;...
|Title||:||The Groundwater Economy of Pakistan|
|Author||:||Asad Sarwar Qureshi, Tushaar Shah, Mujeeb Akhtar|
|Publisher||:||IWMI - 2003|