Many students lack the vocabulary necessary to become qinsidersq of nonfiction reading. When they don't possess the word knowledge necessary to comprehend and interact with the text, nonfiction concepts are lost and the achievement gap grows. One way to strengthen students' background knowledge is to explicitly teach them academic vocabulary terms necessary to be successful readers of nonfiction text. The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of direct academic vocabulary instruction on nonfiction reading comprehension. The nine-week treatment was centered upon Robert Marzano's (2004) six-step approach to teaching vocabulary. Four Literacy 7 classes received the treatment, and results were analyzed from 23 students in one randomly selected class period. Eight words from four content areas (literacy, language arts, science, and global studies) were selected. Students received direct academic vocabulary instruction and multiple opportunities to use, interact, and practice the words. Students were given three pretests, the first to assess their attitudes and prior knowledge of academic vocabulary, another to determine their level of understanding of the grade level academic vocabulary words, and the third to determine their level of reading comprehension when the academic vocabulary words were used in context. The treatment followed Robert Marzano's six-step approach and students kept vocabulary notebooks in their literacy binders. A new set of academic vocabulary words were introduced every two weeks, and multiple opportunities were given for revisiting and practicing the vocabulary words. Identical post tests were administered to measure growth, and results indicated an increase in students' nonfiction reading comprehension.When they dona#39;t possess the word knowledge necessary to comprehend and interact with the text, nonfiction concepts are lost and the achievement gap grows.
|Title||:||The Impact of Direct Academic Vocabulary Instruction on Seventh Graders' Nonfiction Reading Comprehension|
|Author||:||Mandy M. Sotillo|