The Indian Craze

The Indian Craze

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In the early twentieth century, Native American baskets, blankets, and bowls could be purchased from department stores, a€œIndian stores, a€ dealers, and the U.S. governmenta€™s Indian schools. Men and women across the United States indulged in a widespread passion for collecting Native American art, which they displayed in domestic nooks called a€œIndian corners.a€ Elizabeth Hutchinson identifies this collecting as part of a larger a€œIndian crazea€ and links it to other activities such as the inclusion of Native American artifacts in art exhibitions sponsored by museums, arts and crafts societies, and Worlda€™s Fairs, and the use of indigenous handicrafts as models for non-Native artists exploring formal abstraction and emerging notions of artistic subjectivity. She argues that the Indian craze convinced policymakers that art was an aspect of a€œtraditionala€ Native culture worth preserving, an attitude that continues to influence popular attitudes and federal legislation. Illustrating her argument with images culled from late-nineteenth- and early-twentieth-century publications, Hutchinson revises the standard history of the mainstream interest in Native American material culture as a€œart.a€ While many locate the development of this cross-cultural interest in the Southwest after the First World War, Hutchinson reveals that it began earlier and spread across the nation from west to east and from reservation to metropolis. She demonstrates that artists, teachers, and critics associated with the development of American modernism, including Arthur Wesley Dow and Gertrude KAcsebier, were inspired by Native art. Native artists were also able to achieve some recognition as modern artists, as Hutchinson shows through her discussion of the Winnebago painter and educator Angel DeCora. By taking a transcultural approach, Hutchinson transforms our understanding of the role of Native Americans in modernist culture.... 29, 31a€“32, 41a€“43, 45, 48, 71, 98, 124a€“25 a€œJane Walters, Chippewaa€ ( Carpenter), 45 a€œJapan craze, a€ 25a€“26 Japanese art, ... American Basketsa€ ( exhibition), 91 La Pena, Frank, 221, 232 Leach, William, 35, 160 Lears, Jackson, 4, 31, 68 Lears, T. J. ... 23 Leyland, Frederick, 102 Locke, Alain, 200 Loeser, Frederick, 37 Loloma, Charles, 221, 231, 233a€“34 Lomawaima, ... 100 a€œManger, Thea€ (KAcsebier), 151 manual training movement, 67a€“74 Manual Training School, 67 Marcus, George, anbsp;...

Title:The Indian Craze
Author:Elizabeth Hutchinson
Publisher:Duke University Press - 2009-01-01


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