This book shows that the introduction of the European Credit Transfer System (ECTS) of credit points as a new accounting unit at universities has led to increased bureaucracy and the schoolmaster-style regimentation of Bacheloras and Masteras courses. It explains how, due to the pressure of having to plan every single working hour of studying in advance, a aSudoku Effecta is created by the necessity to combine courses, exams and modules in such a way that the points aadd upa. An unintentional side effect of the introduction of the ECTS, the Sudoku Effect has led to more classroom style teaching, an inflation of exams and fewer choices available to students. It has resulted in such complex and contradictory guidelines for the planning of the curriculum that the values attributed to the higher education reform can often only be realised if the rules for Bacheloras and Masteras programmes are ignored, or at least stretched, in practice. The book describes how the reaction to this situation is the continuous further refinement of the complicated rules rather than their abolishment.(1993). Academic credit systems and modularisation in EC and EFTA countries: Compatibility with ECTS. BrA¼ssels: ... (2009). ECTS usersa#39; guide. Luxemburg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities. Gaston, P. L. (2010).
|Title||:||The Sudoku Effect: Universities in the Vicious Circle of Bureaucracy|
|Publisher||:||Springer Science & Business Media - 2014-03-12|