Honored in his own time as one of the most prominent Indian public intellectuals, Henry Roe Cloud (c. 1884a1950) fought to open higher education to Indians. Joel Pfisteras extensive archival research establishes the historical significance of key chapters in the Winnebagoas remarkable life. Roe Cloud was the first Indian to receive undergraduate and graduate degrees from Yale University, where he was elected to the prestigious and intellectual Elihu Club. Pfister compares Roe Cloudas experience to that of other acollege Indiansa and also to African Americans such as W. E. B. Du Bois. Roe Cloud helped launch the Society of American Indians, graduated from Auburn seminary, founded a preparatory school for Indians, and served as the first Indian superintendent of the Haskell Institute (forerunner of Haskell Indian Nations University). He also worked under John Collier at the Bureau of Indian Affairs, where he was a catalyst for the Indian New Deal. Roe Cloudas white-collar activism was entwined with the Progressive Era formation of an Indian professional and managerial class, a Native atalented tenth, a whose members strategically used their contingent entry into arenas of white social, intellectual, and political power on behalf of Indians without such access. His Yale training provided a cross-cultural education in class-structured emotions and individuality. While at Yale, Roe Cloud was informally adopted by a white missionary couple. Through them he was schooled in upper-middle-class sentimentality and incentives. He also learned how interracial romance could jeopardize Indian acceptance into their class. Roe Cloud expanded the range of what modern Indians could aspire to and achieve.... legal, and social issues, the newspaper reported that a#39;squaws and pa- pooses in any number are here with their braves to take in ... of Franz Boas, a#39;a#39; in his Ethnocriticism: Ethnography, History, Literature (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1992), 81a100. ... He excelled academically and in sports (football captain and track record holder for the two mile). ... to 1910, and Roe Cloud is not listed on the rosters of the track team, the sailing club, the baseball team, or the debate team.
|Title||:||The Yale Indian|
|Publisher||:||Duke University Press - 2009-05-22|