qIn 1998, the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) took a heightened interest in the role of language in airline accidents. Its Air Navigation Commission was directed to complete the task of strengthening relevant ICAO provisions concerning language requirements. Member states agreed to take steps to ensure air traffic control (ATC) personnel and flight crews involved in flight operations in airspace where the use of the English language is required were proficient in conducting and comprehending radiotelephony communications in English. Since then, ICAO developed its English Language Proficiency (ELP) requirements and urged its Members to document their ELP test implementation plans by March 8, 2008. Until all ATC personnel and flight crews involved in flight operations obtain a passing level of ELP, the language-based problems international pilots face is not known. This report is a compilation of written responses and comments by a small focus group of 48 U.S. pilots of their difficulties in international operations.q--P. i.background information and general/pre-flight preparation O. Veronika Prinzo, Alan Campbell, Civil Aerospace Medical Institute, United States. ... These services include clearances and instructions, as well as traffic and weather advisories, reports, and requests. ... controller error as the leading likely cause of an accident involving a Legacy business jet and a Boeing 737, which killed 154 people in 2006.
|Title||:||U.S. airline transport pilot international flight language experiences, report 1|
|Author||:||O. Veronika Prinzo, Alan Campbell, Civil Aerospace Medical Institute, United States. Office of Aerospace Medicine|