In tracing the history of Darwinas accomplishment and the trajectory of evolutionary theory during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, most scholars agree that Darwin introduced blind mechanism into biology, thus banishing moral values from the understanding of nature. According to the standard interpretation, the principle of survival of the fittest has rendered human behavior, including moral behavior, ultimately selfish. Few doubt that Darwinian theory, especially as construed by the masteras German disciple, Ernst Haeckel, inspired Hitler and led to Nazi atrocities. In this collection of essays, Robert J. Richards argues that this orthodox view is wrongheaded. A close historical examination reveals that Darwin, in more traditional fashion, constructed nature with a moral spine and provided it with a goal: man as a moral creature. The book takes up many other topicsaincluding the character of Darwinas chief principles of natural selection and divergence, his dispute with Alfred Russel Wallace over manas big brain, the role of language in human development, his relationship to Herbert Spencer, how much his views had in common with Haeckelas, and the general problem of progress in evolution. Moreover, Richards takes a forceful stand on the timely issue of whether Darwin is to blame for Hitleras atrocities. Was Hitler a Darwinian? is intellectual history at its boldest.Disputed Questions in the History of Evolutionary Theory Robert J. Richards ... My colleagues and students at the University of Chicago offered a measured elixir of encouragement and challenge that ... have had a more direct hand in offering advice concerning the arguments made in the various essays ofthis volume, and Ianbsp;...
|Title||:||Was Hitler a Darwinian?|
|Author||:||Robert J. Richards|
|Publisher||:||University of Chicago Press - 2013-11-06|